Our advice for choosing your curtains and sheers

Dressing the windows is often the end point of decorating a room. And it’s not always easy to find your way around! The Becquet collection offers you a wide choice of ready-to-install to install in the blink of an eye. The different widths and heights available allow you to get almost tailor-made. Some of our models are also available in fabric by the meter (the cutouts are rounded to the nearest tenth of a meter): think about it for your windows of special dimensions or to make a coordinated decoration. All our ready-to-hang curtains are finished with hem (base and sides).

Find in the following sections the essential information to install your curtains according to your choice.

To perfect your decoration to the end of the windows, think of tiebacks and curtain rods. It is an additional decorative touch that must match the atmosphere of the room. On the practical side, tiebacks dress your windows while keeping your curtains open. If you plan to install your curtains on a bar, know that it is better to leave about 10 cm between the end of the bar and the support of the bar on the wall. Is your curtain mounted on a pleat? Allow 10 cm between each attachment point (ring or hook).

Curtains: Curtains (also called drapes, sometimes panels) give style and character to a room. In a room, they obscure the light and protect from possible vis-à-vis. In a living room, they are a major decorative element. A curtain can make a small space more intimate, warmer an entrance deemed too narrow. In a studio, it can be used to define the different living spaces. The blackout curtain is ideal for the bedroom for its insulating properties (acoustic, light, thermal). Dimensions The dimensions indicated in the reference tables are those of our curtains “laid flat”. It is up to you to determine the amount of gathers you want. Measure the height of your window from the hanging point up to 2 cm from the ground (or more if you want to let them extend to the ground). Measure the width of your window, or better that of your curtain rod, and multiply it by 1.5 to 2 depending on the desired gathering. Choose the dimension closest to that obtained. Finishes or heads of eyelets curtains: this is the most common form. These are metal or plastic rings (4 cm diameter) incorporated into the fabric. A beautiful finish that adapts to standard curtain rods. Advantage: a perfect glide which allows an easy opening of the curtains. Legs: loops (or loops) in fabric (height 8 to 10 cm) to pass the rod. Designed for all standard bars, this finish avoids rings or hooks. Installation is immediate, the decor touch is warm and natural. Gathered braid (also called ruflette): a braid sewn at the top of the curtains makes it possible to fix the hooks and / or rings used to hang them on rails or bars. Our gathered braids allow you to choose several attachment heights (to hide or not the fastening system) and obtain regular and uniform gathers over the entire width. Nouettes: a succession of small ties to tie for a decorative and aesthetic effect, in which we pass the rod as for the curtain with legs. Which fabric to choose? The range of materials is wide, and the choice depends on several factors. The sunshine of the room, its furnishings, its colors, your desire for decoration … Heavy fabrics They give a more cozy effect and are better suited to rooms exposed to the North (they also have insulating properties). The tarpaulin canvas with heavy drape is adorned with printed, embroidered patterns, is sometimes enriched with very decorative facings. The jacquard woven fabrics with complex patterns produced during weaving are as beautiful on the spot as on the reverse. Blackout curtains offer acoustic insulation, light privacy and a thermal barrier. We advise you to plan a length greater than that of the window to take advantage of these technical aspects. They are made of polyester with a beautiful fabric appearance, either enriched with a black thread in the weaving (to prevent light from passing through), or lined in PVC. It is also possible to add to a classic curtain a thermal lining or a blackout lining for curtains as effective in summer as in winter. Light fabrics They compose beautiful atmospheres without adding to the decor. They are easier to maintain and good value for money. The taffeta is slightly shiny, its colors are shimmering, its natural stiffness gives it a chic look. The microfiber offers a peach skin feel and a soft fall. Cotton canvas, cretonne, chambray canvas is often adorned with printed patterns, and you are sometimes offered with coordinates (quilts, tablecloths …).

Sheers: The final touch to the decoration, sheers must be in perfect harmony with your interior. Formerly simple dressings, today real window decorations, the curtains are no longer hidden behind the curtains, they wear their elegance high. Their transparency is also essential, because if the curtains protect your privacy, they must also let in light. Choosing between dimensions, finishes and materials is an art. In order not to be mistaken, follow the guide … Dimensions The dimensions indicated in the reference tables are those of our curtains “laid flat”. It is up to you to determine the amount of gathers you want. Measure the height of your window from the hanging point up to 2 cm from the ground (or more if you want to let them extend to the ground). Measure the width of your window, or better that of your curtain rod, and multiply it by 1.5 to 2 depending on the desired gathering. Choose the dimension closest to that obtained. The finishes or heads of the curtains We speak of “head” to designate the upper edge of the curtains: eyelets, legs, gathered braid or rod pocket tunnel. You choose it according to the type of sheer and bar that you want to install. Carnations: this is the most common form. These are metal or plastic rings (ø 4 cm) incorporated into the fabric. A beautiful finish that adapts to standard curtain rods. Advantage: a perfect glide which allows an easy opening of the curtains. Legs: loops (or loops) in fabric (height 8 to 10 cm) to pass the rod. Designed for all standard bars, this finish avoids rings or hooks, and is ideal for simple curtains that hang from a decorative bar. Installation is immediate, the decor touch is warm and natural. Rod pocket tunnels: a hem at the top of the curtain in which to slide the rod. The ideal solution for light fabrics. Advantage: discreet, conceals the rod and no need for rings or hooks. Gathered braid (also called ruflette): a braid sewn at the top of the curtains makes it possible to fix the hooks and / or rings used to hang them on rails or bars. Our gathered braids allow you to choose several attachment heights (to hide or not the fastening system) and obtain regular and uniform gathers over the entire width. Materials Play with materials and transparencies for a very successful decorative effect. Organza: moire effect, vaporous style. Made from synthetic materials, easy to maintain (polyester, polyamide), the organza is distinguished by its shine, its transparency and its beautiful behavior (swelling aspect). The organdy: light cotton muslin. The organdy sheer curtain is elegant and slightly matt. The cheesecloth: its weaving gives it a diaphanous appearance, a supple and light fall. Made of linen, cotton, or polyester, it dims the light without being completely transparent. For a shiny effect, choose flamed cheesecloth. Le devoré: a light and refined veil with a set of opaque and transparent patterns that create an original decor, even a relief effect.

Blinds: A nice alternative to net curtains, interior blinds offer a more modern and refined style. They play with shadows and light, and preserve your privacy without interfering with clarity. Placed alone or combined with curtains, they update the windows as you wish. Which blind for your interior? Dimensions For a single blind across the entire window, measure: the height of your window (including framing).

Our advice for choosing your curtains and sheers used to

the width of your window (including frame). For a blind on each pane of the window, measure: the height of your window with the frames.

the width of each window with the frames (remember to take the handle into account so as not to obstruct the opening). The blind heads Rod pocket tunnel: a hem at the top of the blind for sliding the rod in. The ideal solution for light fabrics. Advantage: discreet, conceals the rod. Velcro® rod pocket tunnel: Hem at the top, with Velcro sewn on the back of the fabric and self-adhesive Velcro to be placed on the bar (supplied). Advantage: Blind quickly installed, quickly removed, easy to maintain Styles We adjust the height of the blinds using ribbon stoppers or ties to tie: we love the romantic charm of one, the discretion of the other . Choose according to the style of your interior. Roman blind: decorative par excellence. With its ballast bars, it offers a taut appearance and folds into elegant waves. Simple blind: a more loose, more airy drop which is closer to traditional sheer. In terms of decoration, he imposes his style and his fantasy in a very current trend. Finishes: They are the little extra touch. This very personal decorative touch that gives character to your store. Straight base: clean line, very current, contemporary decor trend. Peak base: charm and elegance. The tip is often enhanced with a pompom in trimmings. Boiled base: a nice material effect. Often made in flexible, more airy fabrics, the bubbled blinds offer a nice play of volume (you can slide a ballast bar at the base for a more contemporary effect). Materials: Play with materials and transparencies for a very successful decorative effect. Organza: chic, fluid and wispy. Made from synthetic materials, easy to maintain (polyester, polyamide), it is distinguished by its shine, its finesse and its beautiful transparency. The cheesecloth: its weaving gives it a diaphanous appearance, a supple and light fall. Made of linen, cotton, or polyester, it dims the light without being completely transparent. For a shiny effect, choose flamed cheesecloth. Polyester: easy to live with par excellence. A synthetic, flexible, resistant and wrinkle-free material for always impeccable blinds. For a more subdued, more natural effect, choose polyester with a linen look.

Our advice for choosing your curtains and sheers and slightly matt

Straight curtains with point finish: These small curtains are generally placed directly on the window. They occupy the entire width and therefore do not require gathering. The tip is often enhanced with a pompom in trimmings. The double point curtains are made up of 2 thicknesses, coordinated and superimposed. Pointed curtains are sometimes available as blinds (see section The blinds). Dimensions Measure the height of your window from the hanging point up to 2 cm from the ground (or more if you want to let them extend to the ground). Measure the width of your window, or better that of your curtain rod, and multiply it by 1.5 to 2 depending on the desired gathering. Choose the dimension closest to that obtained. Finishes Our point net curtains are mounted on a rod pocket tunnel suitable for small rods, which may or may not be extendable: a hem at the top of the curtain allows the rod to slide. Advantage: discreet, ultra fast installation. Materials We offer a large selection of light materials that elegantly dress windows, easy to maintain and that do not obscure light. Organza is appreciated for its transparency and shimmering colors. The cheesecloth delicately dims the light, and is enriched with refined embroidery or more contemporary laser cuts. The slightly more obscuring shantung (wild silk look) brings a light spirit and leaves the room bright. The cotton veil is sometimes enhanced with a contrasting frame for a more decorative effect.

Successful retraining: How to choose the right legal status?

Member of the group Pose ta Dem ’for a few months, I see that for many of you it is difficult to find your way. Well, if you’ve decided to get into entrepreneurship, choosing your status isn’t an easy task either. You will have to assess your personal situation as well as your future business to be able to make the right decisions. The choice of legal status, tax and social security is indeed the last step before launching. I explain in this article how to choose the right legal status!

Guest article by Corinne Johnson

The problem is that there are so many possibilities, that it is difficult to know how to choose the right legal status (or at least the one that suits you!) … To help you, you need to know the answers to the following questions:

Do I want to start alone or with others?

Is my activity subject to specific regulations?

Do I have an idea of ​​the level of CA that I can reach or is it the total unknown? Are my potential customers validated?

Will I generate income quickly? How will I be able to get paid? Isn’t it better to launch an activity in parallel with my current activity at first?

Which social status suits me the most?

Will I have to incur large expenses at the start of the activity (purchase of goodwill, right to lease, purchase of premises)?

Am I going to need funding up front?

Will I have to protect my personal wealth?

These questions are essential for your choice of status and regime.

I indicate below the most appropriate options based on your answers:

Successful retraining: How to choose the right legal status? the food himself

Note that your choice is not fixed. You can very well start with one structure and progress later to another.

Option 1: Activity cooperatives and incubators

The incubators and some cooperatives offer a CAPE contract (contract to support a business project).

When to choose this option? This option is ideal for testing an activity that requires little investment or professional costs (these being deductible from turnover).

How it works ? The structure provides you with legal accommodation (SIRET number), professional insurance, a bank account but also administrative and accounting monitoring tools as well as numerous support (thematic workshops, individual meetings, group training, support in creating (business and entrepreneurship, etc.). The costs are between € 15 and € 70 per month depending on the structure chosen. Activity cooperatives / incubators can be generalist or specialized in certain types of activity.

What social status, what contributions? This contract allows you to keep your current status and benefit from employee social security cover. For example, if you are unemployed, you will continue to receive your AREs in full. The amount of social security contributions during this period is very low (less than € 5 per month) or even zero.

What are its limits ? You cannot exercise a commercial activity requiring a commercial lease, nor certain (regulated) activities. CAPE contracts are not intended for full-time employees or people already registered for the same activity.

And after ? In a cooperative, if your activity works, you can either create your own structure, or even be an entrepreneur-employee-partner with a permanent contract. In the latter case, the cooperative will take approximately 10% of your turnover. You will pay the same social contributions as a regular employee and will be entitled to the same benefits.

Option 2: Wage portage

Originally, the wage portage was intended to “transform fees into salaries for the benefit of executives in professional transition having acquired an expertise […] or those who want to work independently while carrying out missions in company”. Note that the framework of the wage portage was defined more precisely in 2015.

When to choose this option? If your customers are not individuals, if you have long and regular assignments as a “service provider”, that you plan to invoice at least € 3,000 per month and that you wish to have employee status, the salary portage can help you suit.

Take for example an IT engineer contractor. Often large companies in the sector call on service providers to find them specific skills / missions. However, if the company already knows its candidate but does not wish to hire him, going through salary portage can be a very good choice.

How it works ? The wage portage is a tripartite relationship between 3 actors: the client, the “port” and the portage company which plays the role of intermediary between these 2 actors. The porting company invoices a percentage (often declining) of your turnover to ensure the administrative and accounting management of your file.

What social status, what contributions? The service provider will have the status of employee whose gross remuneration will be equal to the turnover. Social security contributions will be the same as a standard employee (between 75 and 80% of net salary). For example, for a turnover after deduction of professional costs of € 3,000, you will receive approximately € 1,422 net (including deduction of the cost of the carrier company). Knowing that on average a service company in the provinces charges € 500 per day (or € 10,000 per month), it is possible to make a comfortable salary.

What are its limits ? This device is intended for BtoB customers only. It does not seem suitable to me (especially for the client) when you have short assignments with several clients. It also does not seem to me suitable if you need to finance large equipment, not supported by the customer. The other major drawback is that, unlike a service company, at the end of the mission, you must find your next customer yourself.

Option 3: Individual business

To use the definition of INSEE, sole proprietorship is a business which is the exclusive property of a natural person. It is not a separate legal person from the entrepreneur. The most common forms of sole proprietorship are: trader, craftsman, self-employed, farmer.

In recent years, the most created company in France has been the sole proprietorship with the micro-social and micro-fiscal regime, more commonly called “micro-enterprise”.

When to choose this option? Some professionals who want to practice alone, cannot have a CAPE contract or a salary portage (eg merchant or doctor). Their choice is then limited to the sole proprietorship or to companies. The sole proprietorship also turns out to be a good choice if the activity requires a certain level of investment and / or expenditure, because these will be deducted from your turnover (and therefore from the basis for calculating contributions social)

How it works There are some formalities required when setting up with the competent CFE (center of business formalities). It is you or a qualified professional who will do the accounting, social and / or VAT declarations.

What social status, what contributions? The status will be that of Unpaid Worker (TNS) who contributes to a plan other than that of employees (even if the government is talking about combining the two plans shortly). The TNS does not contribute to unemployment insurance. For liberal professions for example, the rate of employee contributions will be around 45% of profits (turnover minus charges) if your profit is lower or around 50,000 € a year. This rate decreases to 23% if your profit is around 100,000 € per year. This means that if you have a profit of € 36,000 per year, your net remuneration will be around € 20,000. Social security contributions (excluding CRDS and a share of the CSG) are also deductible from profits.

What are its limits ? Sole proprietorship, as the name suggests, does not allow associates. There is no distinction between professional and personal assets (but since the Macron Law of 2015, your main residence has been elusive). Beyond this aspect, the drawback is above all in the result of the company (profits or losses) if these are substantial (so this does not really concern the first years of activity). Indeed, all the profits are considered as remuneration, therefore subject to social security contributions. This means that if your company makes € 150,000 in profits you will pay contributions on this amount (around 23%), even if you actually need € 50,000 to live on… That is why many craftsmen and traders opt for society after a few years of activity in order to leave the profits in the society and possibly reinvest or distribute the profits in the form of dividends (of which the social contributions are 17.20%).

And the micro-enterprise in all this? The micro-enterprise is an individual enterprise whose accounting management is very simplified:

no VAT to be billed or deducted below € 33,200 in annual turnover.

no accounting to keep (only a register of receipts and expenses)

When to choose this option? The micro-enterprise is ideal for testing its activity because the creation and closure procedures are simple, quick and inexpensive. Due to the non-deductibility of professional expenses in the calculation of social contributions, this scheme is suitable if your activity requires little expenditure. It is also ideal when you want to supplement your salaried income because you already have part of the professional costs covered by your company (mutual, provident, hardware, access to certain software or paid resources, etc …) and you do not don’t have to spend on your side. Be careful not to compete with your employer….

What social status, what contributions? The social status is the same as for the sole proprietorship under the real regime. There are few differences in terms of acquired rights. However, the social contributions are calculated on the basis of turnover (without taking into account the amount of professional expenses). Its rate varies according to the type of activity (sale of goods or services) and can be fixed every year by the government.

What are its limits ? Part of the answer is given in the previous paragraph. There is also a turnover limit not to be exceeded depending on the type of activity. In addition, this regime is prohibited for certain professions (doctors, accountants, etc.)

To compare the rate of social contributions between the real regime and the micro-enterprise regime, I suggest the following graph:

The higher your charges, the lower your margin and the less you will pay social security contributions in real terms. In micro-enterprises, social security contributions are identical since they are calculated on your turnover.

There are a few tips to reduce your business expenses in micro-enterprises. For example, a person working in the restaurant industry who prepares meals for events / parties, may very well ask his client to buy the food himself, and he will only charge for the provision of meal preparation … Or else he can buy the food himself and ask his suppliers to issue an invoice on behalf of his client (this is called disbursement costs). Thus the reimbursement of these expenses will not be declared in the income of the micro-enterprise and therefore will not be subject to social security contributions…. But it also means that the contractor will not be able to make a margin on this part of the quote.

Of course this advice cannot be applied to all types of activities. For example, I can’t see a beautician in a micro-enterprise asking her supplier to invoice the varnish on behalf of Madame Dupont, or even asking Madame Durant to come with her own wax…

Option 4 – The company

To explain what a company is, I have to refer to the definition of INSEE: “A company is an entity with legal personality. It is created for a commercial purpose, namely, to produce goods or services for the market, which can be a source of profit […] for its owner (s); it is the collective property of its shareholders, who have the power to appoint the directors responsible for its general management. “

Phew, that is said …

When to choose this option? The first case is when you want to join, the company is the only option you have, and this, whatever the legal form and the tax or social regime chosen. In general, commercial companies are also recommended in the event of a rapid development of your activity or a significant need for external financing. In addition, it allows you to separate your personal heritage from your professional heritage. Finally, depending on the form of company and the tax system adopted, you can have more or less the choice on the form of remuneration chosen (salary, managerial remuneration, dividends) and your social status (Unpaid Worker or Similar Employee).

How it works ? It really depends on the legal form you choose, but basically it will be necessary to carry out some administrative formalities (at least draft the statutes) and provide for a share capital (the amount of which varies according to the legal form chosen). For the rest it seems difficult to make generalities …

What social status, what contributions? It still depends on the legal form and the tax system chosen. In general, you can be either an assimilated employee or TNS. Social security contribution rates will be approximately 65% ​​of net remuneration if you are an assimilated employee and 45% of the managerial remuneration if you are TNS. Please note that there are no social contributions on company dividends, however dividends are subject to social contributions of 17.20% (which will be used to repay France’s debt and give you the right to …. repay l ‘year after)

What are its limits ? A company requires more administrative and accounting formalities than the options seen above. Furthermore, in a company with several partners, you are probably not the only one to make decisions …

To summarize all the information that I have just given you, I suggest this diagram:

Important: do not choose your status for the wrong reasons

There is so much bias in the world of entrepreneurship that it is very common to choose a status for the wrong reasons. Here are a few :

Administrative simplicity: this is typically the case for entrepreneurs who choose the micro-enterprise for reasons such as the speed of creation, little accounting or declarative obligation (for example no VAT declaration if the turnover is less than 33,200 €).

: this is typically the case for entrepreneurs who choose the micro-enterprise for reasons such as the speed of creation, little accounting or declarative obligation (for example no VAT declaration if the turnover is less than € 33,200) . Benefit from social benefits: entrepreneurs often want to create a company and have the status of employee to benefit from better health protection, better retirement and unemployment benefits. Of course, but given the amount of an employee’s social security contributions, is the game really worth it? Couldn’t you find a competitive mutual benefit offering high protection? Isn’t it better to save or invest on your side to prepare for retirement? Or what are the risks of being unemployed for a long time? How much would you get if that was the case?

This long article is coming to an end … I hope it has informed you about the different possibilities available to you. Given the complexity of the statutes, do not hesitate to surround yourself with specialists so that they can make you personalized proposals. And remember, there are no good or bad solutions, there is only bad advice ��

If you are interested in the subject, you can contact Corinne on her Facebook account.

�� Click here to join the most excited community of future resigners! Guaranteed daily inspiration and support!

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This is me

Hey team, will he be ready the hairstyle guide soon? Readers get impatient!

I swear, you can’t imagine how many times I’ve heard this phrase in Nicolò’s mouth in recent weeks…

If you have been following BonneGueule for more than 48 hours, you must know Nicolò, our great community manager. From evening to morning and from morning to evening, only two things occupy his mind: the well-being of the BonneGueule community… and his hair!

To tell you, he spends almost as much time answering your questions as (re) styling …

It is not for nothing that Horace devoted an entire article to the hair routine of our favorite community manager …

Inevitably, he awaited this guide with undisguised impatience, both to satisfy your many requests and to perfect his hair skills.

As you know, the hair is not at the heart of usual concerns at BonneGueule. We help men to feel good in their clothes, but not really to look after their mane…

Since the world of hairdressing is not quite our core business, we therefore relied on the expertise of a professional to write this guide.

A challenge remained: to find THE most competent hairdresser possible, who would distill his knowledge with pedagogy.

Remembering an old French proverb 1, I turned to the Artley salon and more particularly Christophe Adric, its artistic director.

The latter kindly agreed to answer my questions, and I thank him warmly. As you read, I will share these with you at the most appropriate times.

“I consider myself more as an artist than as a craftsman. “Said the expert to whom I asked my questions.

CHRISTOPHE ADRIC, HAIR EXPERT

Hi Christophe. Can you introduce yourself to BonneGueule readers?

” Hello ! I am artistic director at Artley and image coach for actors, models and public figures.

After multiple professional experiences and many trips around the world, I came to Paris, “City of Light”, where hairdressing very naturally presented itself to me as a passion.

From then on, I no longer had to search, everything was there: know-how and know-how. I have had the privilege of working for twenty years for the biggest haircare brands around the world, and teaching my passion to hairdressers and show intermittents in my Hairdressing Academy.

(Photo credits: Christophe Adric)

I also provided training for the collaborators of the L’ORÉAL France – Clichy research laboratory. I have worked regularly for UNESCO as part of the “Women in Science” program.

Passionate about art and photography, I always work according to an art of living: cultivating the supreme of sophistication, that is, making it simple and doing it right.

Side 2 clothes, I have a rock style (and the attitude that goes with it), but not in forced mode. Everything is in the subtlety in order to remain consistent with yourself. “

(Photo credits: Christophe Adric)

What does your daily work consist of?

Quite simply: develop the Artley 3 concept and motivate my expert staff with all my energy and passion.

It’s also about meeting people, revealing a story through their haircut … The most important thing for me is to create, whether through my work in the salon or in fashion.

What are the differences between a hairdresser and a hairstylist? Are these notions complementary or inseparable?

The hairdresser makes a cut, while the hairstylist seeks to adjust his creation to each face. One cannot really go without the other.

What is a good hairdresser? A good make-up artist?

In my opinion, a good hairdresser can listen and watch carefully. He advises well and displays a high level of professional expertise.

Conversely, I don’t think there is a “good make-up artist” per se. Make-up artists don’t adhere to strict rules and you have to know how to go against the main principles if necessary. Indeed, a defect can be an interesting trait to exploit in order to create character.

Does make-up take into account only the face or style in general?

For me, hairstyle is an integral part of the general style! If your hairdresser passes you the robe without looking at you before, beware …

(RE) KNOW YOUR TYPE OF HAIR

Not all men are equal in terms of their hair characteristics: it is often a mix between genetic heritage and lifestyle (hygiene, diet, etc.). – Christophe Adric

For men, the hair universe is full of mysteries. If these gentlemen often take care of their skin, their line and their appearance, they tend to neglect the hygiene of their hair, for lack of knowledge in the matter.

For this reason, I believe it is essential to start at the beginning and review the BA.

I will avoid the far-fetched explanations; we will review the fundamentals to start on a good basis.

Just as one must know the nature of one’s skin to treat it, one cannot properly maintain one’s hair without mastering its type.

Understanding your mane is essential to pamper it properly and prevent problems 4.

LITTLE LESSON OF ANATOMY

This is me day in big

First of all, we must agree on one point: the hair is a hair like any other!

Longitudinal (left) and cross section (right) of a human hair.

Like a flower, it is made up of three parts, only one of which is visible on the surface:

the stem: this is the emerged part of the hair. It’s the one you can style and sculpt on your head. This stem contains a protein, keratin, which results from the accumulation of dead cells that harden 5. Despite its finesse, the stem has 3 layers including the cuticle 6, the cortex 7 and the marrow 8.

The sebaceous gland, which is seen above the bulb, produces sebum. It is an essential substance because it greases the hair shaft and gives it resistance to external aggressions (pollution, sun, rain, etc.). Too much or too little, however, the sebum can be harmful to the scalp and its tenants … but we’ll see that later.

the bulb (or hair follicle): it represents the envelope of the root and lodges in the dermis. It is within it that new cells are born, pushing the older ones upwards. The older cells die and then make up the stem. Yes, you hear right: the visible part of our hair is biologically dead …

the root: it lives in the heart of the bulb. It is the living part of the hair: it is nourished by the blood capillaries to allow growth.

An (almost) clear summary.

Concretely, the blood vessels water the root in nutrients, which allow the hair to make this famous keratin and grow properly.

Depending on their location on the scalp, they grow differently: forward at the forehead, rather backward at the neck, and stiffly on the skull.

Few people whose head resembles a sea urchin and this, precisely, thanks to this specific implantation. In the vast majority of cases, the hair naturally follows the curvature of your skull.

It is by following this process that the 130,000 hairs (on average) that populate our noodles were born. Even if we naturally lose around fifty each day, there is still enough left to test ever more incredible hairstyles … provided we know which group we belong to.

These groups are divided according to several more or less relevant classifications. There are several dozen depending on the country and organization, but I have chosen to present two of them because they are very complementary and rather consistent.

CLASSIFICATION BY NATURE OF SCALP

This is a fairly classic and very traditional classification, which often goes hand in hand with the skin type. We therefore distinguish, without suspense:

dry hair: the sebaceous gland, which we were talking about earlier, does not produce enough sebum in this case. Also, the scalp is not sufficiently hydrated and the hair is dry, brittle and relatively coarse. They are fragile and quite difficult to untangle / style.

Even if it’s hard to see it in the image, dry hair looks dull and lacks shine.

normal hair: everything is fine in this case. The sebaceous gland has worked well, “and it shows on the outside” as the other would say. Suddenly, the hair has a beautiful appearance, it is rich, strong and quite shiny (without being oozing). It is then easy to discipline them as you please.

Normal hair appears perennial. We feel that we could pass our hand through it without resistance, or bring it out oily.

oily hair: you can imagine, this is an excess of sebum … Results? Heavy, oily hair that can be quite unpleasant in appearance.

Accentuated by a (good) dose of gel, the oily hair effect is manifested by an unnatural shine and a rather unsightly “bundle of wicks” effect.

CLASSIFICATION OF ANDRÉ WALKER

This is a classification less known in France, although it is more so on the other side of the Atlantic. And for good reason, André Walker is none other than the stylist of Oprah Winfrey, queen of US TV. 9.

Here are the two together and, to say the least, hair is in the spotlight!

In 1999, the latter wrote a book 10 in which he introduced a revolutionary classification which immediately created buzz among our American friends.

If it is primarily intended for women, this guide can just as well be understood as masculine since the hair has no gender.

According to André Walker, two parameters must be taken into account to categorize his hair: texture and thickness.

the texture is noted on 4: 1 = stiff, 2 = wavy, 3 = curly, 4 = frizzy.

the thickness is noted on an increasing scale from A to C.

To determine your hair type, observe it in its most natural state possible. Wash them and wait for them to dry without applying any product to them.

By combining these two criteria, we thus obtain 12 possible combinations: 1A; 1B; 1 C ; 2A; 2B; 2C; 3A; 3B; 3C; 4A; 4B; 4C.

It sounds complicated said like that but you will see that once illustrated, it is very clear. Take a look!

First we have the range of straight hair, from the thinnest on the left to the thickest on the right.

Same logic here with our comrades with wavy hair.

You got the idea: 3A left, 3B center, 3C right.

Same fight on the side of frizzy hair…

Obviously, the actors’ hair changes from one film to another (or even from one scene to another) so don’t be offended if you have already seen Matthew McConaughey with straight hair or Morgan Freeman with long straight hair …

This is a fairly incomplete comparison, the only claim of which is to illustrate the model theorized by André Walker, so that you have a clearer and more faithful idea.

I also point out that there are other classifications (FIA, LOIS, MIZANI …) that you can consult on the net. Nevertheless, I believe that of A. Walker’s is by far the clearest, simplest and most effective. Your turn to judge…

“Ok Lucas, I’m 1A, 2B or 4C. And now, what do I do ? “. Well, you go to the next paragraph. Quite simply !

WHY IS IT IMPORTANT TO KNOW YOUR TYPE OF HAIR?

Knowing your hair type may seem anecdotal, but it is a must.

Would you imagine applying creams at random on your skin, without having previously determined whether it is rather dry or rather oily? Of course not … and the reasoning should be the same for your hair.

Determining your “hair identity”, by crossing the two previous classifications, will allow you to choose effectively:

the care to adopt for your hair: depending on your type, it will be necessary to deal differently with the products and other masks to remove excess sebum or make them soft and shiny.

: depending on your type, it will be necessary to compose differently with the products and other masks to eliminate excess sebum or to make them soft and radiant. the most suitable shampoos and conditioners for your mane: never bet on the classic 5 in 1 hair and body soap… it saves you 5 minutes but does you more harm than good in the long term.

to your mane: never bet on the classic 5-in-1 soap for hair and body… it saves you 5 minutes but does you more harm than good in the long term. the most consistent care for your scalp: it is essential to nourish it, to rid it of impurities and to relax it.

For example, our colleague Maurice Style offers various products for straight and fine hair like his in his grooming section.

To illustrate my remarks, I will give you an example that I know quite well: mine!

At first, I have normal hair 11. As for that of André Walker, I am rather on a 1C 12, that is to say straight and thick hair.

Knowing that, I opt for a classic and neutral shampoo, without volumizing effect so as not to thicken my hair further, and I do not apply sebum-regulating products.

I also do not put conditioner since its use is intended to repair dry and damaged hair or lack of volume.

In addition, my hairdresser applies a scrub and a scalp mask every three to four weeks, which eliminates dead skin, promotes blood circulation and … relax!

TAKING CARE OF YOUR HAIR

As we have just seen, knowing your hair type is essential to take care of it. But concretely, how do we do on a daily basis? That’s what I’m explaining right away …

If you read carefully, you can surely have as beautiful a mane as Florian. You know what you have to do …

CHRISTOPHE’S ANALYSIS

We know that those with thick hair would want them fine, that the curly would not be, that the blond would like to be brown and vice versa … In short, can we fight against the nature of his hair?

Yes and no. It all depends on the priority and the effort (time and money) that we want to provide. In the cinema: anything is possible! In everyday life, it is not always that simple. The question would be: should we fight against its nature or make it an asset?

In terms of clothing, a good wardrobe is based on good basics. What about the “ideal toiletry bag”? What are the essential products to take care of your hair?

Like a locker room, each kit should be different. However, there are a few invariants including: a good shampoo, a TIGI flat brush, a 3-row boar bristle brush, a comb, salt water spray, flexible non-greasy modeling paste, a dryer, a pocket mirror (for the profile and the back) and possibly a mini mower…

A Shu Uemura styling wax, a comb, an Ocean Mist from Sachajuan and a TIGI flat brush… enough to start the ideal toiletry bag according to Christophe.

The Internet is full of “grandmother tips” to take care of your hair and give it volume, shine, softness … Avocados, eggs, honey, clay, everything goes. What do you think ?

It’s like looking for a solution to treat yourself on the Internet: it’s very risky. It is essential to check the origin of the text, the credibility of this person and see if it really suits you. The diagnosis is very important, it is 50% of success.

HOW TO WASH THEM?

Again, I asked Christophe for his (enlightened) opinion …

We hear everything and its opposite about how often and how to wash your hair. Can you close this debate and tell us when we shampoo?

It is like the body, the scalp must be clean so as not to suffocate the pores of the skin. We should wash our hair at least every other day in big cities because pollution and odors are largely captured in our hair and skin.

We should not wash or strip the hair but just gently clean, to leave the natural lipid film that protects us.

LOL.

Now that we have a general idea of ​​the frequency, we must know how to wash the “tifs”! Ideally, rely on cold water. That said, I’m like you: taking a cold shower every morning (especially in winter) does not particularly delight me…

If you do not opt ​​for freezing water, make sure not to subject your hair to a hot bath and prefer as much as possible a warm temperature so as not to attack it.

Then you have to go to shampooing. Here, feel free to massage your scalp with small circular movements. You thus link the useful with the pleasant since in addition to being pleasant, this technique improves blood circulation and cleanses your skull thoroughly.

Generally, your hairdresser performs this cranial massage before styling, which promotes blood circulation in addition to relaxing you. At Artley, the setting is all the more soothing. (Photo credits: Topsy One)

Rinsing is the next step, and it’s not the least important. Indeed, it allows to evacuate dead skin from massage as well as “debris” accumulated during the night and / or the day.

What shampoos for what types of hair? I suggest some ideas…

Do you have dry hair? You can go for these Redken shampoos, or any other nourishing product (often based on shea butter or olive oil).

You can go for these Redken shampoos, or any other nourishing product (often based on shea butter or olive oil). Do you have normal hair? A neutral shampoo will do the trick.

A neutral shampoo will do the trick. If you have oily hair, I recommend the shampoo enriched with nutrients from Baxter, embellished with amino acids and keratin. Here, the idea is to limit the production of sebum because it is this over-secretion which gives a fairly oily “oily” effect to the hair. It is therefore advisable to purify the scalp, which agents such as mint or nettle allow.

, I recommend the shampoo enriched with nutrients from Baxter, embellished with amino acids and keratin. Here, the idea is to limit the production of sebum because it is this over-secretion which gives a fairly oily “oily” effect to the hair. It is therefore advisable to purify the scalp, which agents such as mint or nettle allow. Very (too?) Fine hair? There are also volumizing shampoos to reduce this phenomenon, like the honey range from Leonor Greyl.

There are also volumizing shampoos to reduce this phenomenon, like the honey range from Leonor Greyl. TIGI, AVEDA and ARTLEY also offer quality natural products, without sulfates or dyes.

HOW TO FEED THEM?

Washing your hair is good, but nourishing it is even better. Once or twice a month, allow yourself a small hair mask, beneficial for both your scalp and your hair … and your morale.

As I said above, the hair is on the front line and victims of many attacks over the days. Scorching heat, driving rain, various and varied styling products, pollution … so many parameters that can affect their appearance.

So feeding them is extremely important to revitalize them and make them look better.

You can for example turn to:

a Sachajuan conditioner to make your hair stronger and more shiny (in the good sense of the word),

a repairing mask from the same brand, to restore vigor and vitality,

ultra-nourishing products, based on jojoba oil or safflower for example. It’s almost mandatory to hydrate frizzy hair, which is often very dry,

a scrub, mask and / or scalp massage when you go to the hairdresser. If you have oily hair, request an absorbent mask (often clay-based). Conversely, prefer a nourishing mask if your hair is rather dry.

How to take care of your hair?

If you scrupulously follow the steps we have just seen, you will not normally need to take care of your hair since it will be in perfect health. However, if your routine has not yet been worked out or, for one reason or another 13, your mane is not at its best, then it should be treated.

Dandruff, impromptu discolouration … all these defects are not necessarily fatal or irreversible. Preventing these risks is essential and most often quite simple: rigorous and regular care must be adopted and, if necessary, treated specifically.

Considered the top of the range of L’Oréal, Redken offers a very wide range of products for all hair types. Despite the intimidating prices, some can nevertheless be a relevant alternative.

To eradicate dandruff, Sachajuan offers a “Professional haircare” shampoo that also acts on redness and itching, just like Aveda with a deeper anti-dandruff treatment.

If your hair has trouble growing or if it looks weak, Sachajuan is still there for you with its “Hair control treatment” which promotes growth while strengthening it.

Lighter, TIGI repairing shampoos and conditioners allow damaged hair to be “put on its feet”.

HOW TO EAT?

No, there is no typo. What we eat can influence our hair.

” We are what we eat. “Says Christophe.

You’ve probably noticed that you often have oily skin when you eat a ketchup-mayo double meat kebab or a Maxi Best-Of menu. Logically, the scalp reacts more or less in the same way …

Hair, no more than your beach body, therefore does not like tacos or pizzas. Conversely, vegetables and other sources of vitamins B / C will be your best allies for strong and shiny hair.

In summary…

Foods rich in zinc 14 and iron 15 are also essential.

Why ? Simply because keratin 16 needs these elements to fully assume its role.

Like what, it’s not just alcohol that hurts hair …

MISTAKES NOT TO BE COMMITTED

Even if you strictly follow the previous recommendations, some trivial details can undermine your thoroughness and deteriorate your hair. I give you a small, fairly exhaustive list of the most common mistakes to avoid as much as possible:

do not wash your hair more than is necessary: ​​it is useless or even dangerous to shampoo yourself every day. Indeed, too frequent washing can be counterproductive and dry the hair or, on the contrary, promote the greasing of the scalp. For normal hair, two shampoos per week are more than enough. If you have dry hair, one to two weekly washes can represent a consistent rhythm, accompanied by special care. Oily hair needs more frequent care and requires a daily shampoo to reduce over-production of sebum.

Depending on your hair type, you will need to wash your hair at different frequencies. Photo credits: Reader’s Digest.

Small additional clarification: for frizzy hair, naturally dry, opt for a wash every 2/3 days, coupled with moisturizing and nourishing masks and / or conditioners.

take care of the hair dryer: it is more practical than a towel, faster than manual drying, rather pleasant in winter … but it is not a technique to adopt. In fact, the heat emanating from this tool 17 attacks the scalp, which produces sebum to defend itself. Oily hair insured, therefore, not to mention potential burns. If you are a fan of this weapon, keep it away from your skull and keep the temperature as low as possible.

: it is more practical than a towel, faster than manual drying, rather pleasant in winter … but it is not a technique to adopt. In fact, the heat emanating from this tool 17 attacks the scalp, which produces sebum to defend itself. Oily hair insured, therefore, not to mention potential burns. If you are a fan of this weapon, keep it away from your skull and keep the temperature as low as possible. stay reasonable with styling products: the gel suffocates the hair and clogs the pores of the skin of the skull, which is harmful to your scalp. A dab of mat wax should be enough to shape your cut: settle for … or change the product.

Spoiler: 30 grams of gel will not allow you to rob a bank. As long as to do, therefore prefer a natural wax.

do not go to bed with stuck hair: if you do not take a shower before bed, do at least a few brush / comb strokes to ventilate your hair.

: If you do not take a shower before bed, do at least a few brush / comb strokes to ventilate your hair. watch out for headgear: you must let your mane dry! So, try not to abuse caps, bobs and other hats so as not to impede the oxygenation of your scalp or your blood circulation.

In small doses…

run away from dyes: I know, browns would like to be blond and vice versa, but Mother Nature is stronger than our stylistic ambitions. So, compose a hair genre related to the nature of your hair … and in accordance with their color. The dyes contain chemicals that are devastating to your hair and, believe me, it’s not worth the effort.

With Luca, we wanted to try gray coloring lately, but our hairdressers strongly advised against it. Christophe explained to me why: “To make a gray, you have to remove all the natural pigments to obtain a platinum before making a lasting color, which degrades the hair. Concretely, it is a bit like if you wanted to tan skin from white to chocolate in one day: it is possible but very dangerous. “

So, we abandoned the idea and we are content with our brown and thick mop … Italian style.

Admit that the result could have been nice, like at Lucky Blue Smith.

IMPROVE YOUR STYLE… HAIR

You have recognized your type of hair, you are unbeatable in the care you need to provide, and you now have a beautiful and silky mane in good health … but have we done the trick?

Obviously not, the question remains how to improve what our English-speaking friends call the “hairstyle”.

THE RIGHT QUESTIONS TO ASK YOURSELF

Before choosing this or that hairstyle, you need to ask yourself a series of simple questions that will help you determine which one best suits you:

How much time are you ready to devote to your daily cut? Whether you are the type to put two combs out of the shower or prefer to arrange your hair in detail for 20 minutes, this is a parameter to take into account before choosing your hairstyle.

Whether you are the type to put two combs out of the shower or prefer to arrange your hair in detail for 20 minutes, this is a parameter to take into account before choosing your hairstyle. How often do you want to go to the hairdresser? Whether you love getting shampooed or scissoring is a real worry, you need to adapt your hair to reflect this.

Whether you love getting shampooed or scissoring is a real worry, you need to adapt your hair to reflect this. What budget are you ready to commit for your “haircut”? Equipment, masks, dyes, pruning, scissors or clippers, massages … all cuts are not equal and do not require the same maintenance: so many things to consider depending on your wallet.

A whole routine…

Which hairstyle is best suited to match your dress style?

Finally (and above all), which hair style do you like?

By answering these questions, you will have a relatively faithful overview of the hairstyle to adopt, consistent with your tastes and means.

The second step, probably the most complicated, is to know if the hairstyle of your dreams can match the shape of your face.

CHOOSE YOUR HAIR

Choosing your clothes can be tricky, but adopting a hairstyle is a different story. Depending on your hair type, you are not entirely free to choose one or the other.